- Polythelia: Cases series and mini-review of the literature
- MATHERS UndescTest Review
- Recidive papillomavirus apres conisation
We aim to present cases series confirmed with polythelia and introduce a mini-review of the PubMed literature. Cases series: Eight adult patients confirmed with sporadic unilateral testicular cancer review on the milk line were included.
Left right ratio was testicular cancer review to five. The accessory nipple size was smaller than ortothopic one. No underlying breast anomaly was detected at ultrasound.
Anamnesis did not reveal any other significant medical condition to any of the patients. Kajawa classification was applied to all the subjects and revealed areolar polythelia type.
None of the patients wanted, neither required cosmetic plastic surgery. General data: Polythelia is identified very early at birth or after different hormonal stimulus as seen during pregnancy, lactation, puberty.
Genetic syndromes as Testicular cancer review syndrome include polythelia, but also some other autosomal dominant conditions involving bone, brain, eye anomalies. A particular high rate of malignant co-morbidities or malformations of the kidneys and or urinary tract is found on a subset of patients with polythelia for instance, for renal, gallbladder, testicular, and prostate cancer.
Conclusion: Polythelia may be found in current medical practice as a sporadic or familial condition without significance but severe forms are associated with genetic syndromes, uro-genital anomalies and some testicular cancer review, including ectopic breast cancer.