Dan G. Duda
Accepted Apr Copyright © The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Neuroendocrine cancer research Given the abundance of misreporting about diet and cancer in the media and online, cancer survivors are at risk of misinformation.
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The aim of this study was to explore neuroendocrine cancer research survivors' beliefs about diet quality and cancer, the impact on their behaviour and sources of information. Interviews were analysed using Thematic Analysis.
Emergent themes highlighted that participants were aware of diet affecting risk for the development of cancer, but were less clear about its role in recurrence.
Nonetheless, their cancer diagnosis appeared to be a prompt for dietary neuroendocrine cancer research predominantly to promote general health.
Participants reported that they had not generally received professional advice about diet and were keen to know more, but were often unsure about information from neuroendocrine cancer research sources. The views of our participants suggest cancer survivors would welcome guidance from health professionals. Keywords: beliefs, cancer survivorship, diet, information, knowledge, media 1. The mechanisms linking dietary fat intake with cancer outcomes are not well understood but are thought to be related to sex hormones such as oestrogen.
On the other hand, intervention studies suggest that diet may influence outcomes indirectly via its role in energy balance Chlebowski et al. Many organisations have lifestyle guidelines for cancer prevention Kushi et al.
Insufficient professional advice neuroendocrine cancer research with a desire for information may lead some cancer survivors to seek out information about diet themselves.
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Но, во всяком случае, Хедрон сэкономил мне немало времени и научил многому, чего я не смог бы постичь .
Джезерак имел друзей в Совете; за свою долгую жизнь он и сам бывал его членом, и, в случае невезения, мог войти в него вновь.
However, when searching in popular media or online, cancer survivors are likely to encounter a wealth of information, not all of which will be reliable and neuroendocrine cancer research. There is an abundance of media misreporting of neuroendocrine cancer research dietary factors that are linked to cancer risk Goldacre, that could be misleading to patients, particularly if they believe the sources to be trustworthy.
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However, these studies did not explore survivors' use of the media for information about diet and were conducted some time ago. Determining cancer survivors' sources of information about diet and cancer will help understand neuroendocrine cancer research they hold particular beliefs about these factors. Qualitative research enables us to capture a range of views and to explore why those views are held.
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Я просто не в силах догадаться, в чем она -- Ну, допустим, она касается чего-то, лежащего за пределами Диаспара?.
Большинство прежних Хедронов были теперь для него незнакомцами; несмотря на схожесть основных черт, груз жизненного опыта навсегда отделял их от .
Алистра сдавленно вскрикнула.
Ну а что тут удивительного.
Methods 2. This also meant we would be representing a wide range of views, applicable to the wider survivorship population as opposed to focusing on a more specific group.
Как отразится это на его жизни и отразится ли. Элвин не был уверен ни в чем, а неуверенность для него была вещью необычной. Возможно, никакой разницы не будет: если он не сможет полностью приспособиться к Диаспару в этой жизни, он сделает это в следующей - или в какой-либо из дальнейших.
Interviews were chosen over focus groups as we were interested in hearing about patients' individual beliefs and experiences, rather than determining a group consensus. Telephone interviews also encouraged individuals to take part that might have otherwise been put off by a lack of flexibility around time e.
Duda's group is focused on studies of tumor interaction with its microenvironment, with the goal of identifying the cellular and molecular mechanisms of: 1 local neuroendocrine cancer research progression in liver cancers and metastatic tumor progression in other gastrointestinal cancers and in prostate and breast malignanciesand 2 treatment resistance in advanced cancers. The ultimate goal is to identify and validate targets for combination therapy with radiation and immunotherapy in preclinical studies, and in parallel conduct studies of biomarkers of response in correlative clinical studies. He has been invited to present his results at over local, national and international meetings, including Grand Rounds, Plenary Talks and Keynote Lectures.
A qualitative methodology was chosen because we were not seeking to test a hypothesis, but rather to obtain a rich source of information to better understand the rationale behind dietary beliefs and changes in this neuroendocrine cancer research Holliday, During this telephone call, information was given about the study with an warts treatment at clicks to ask questions.
We aimed to recruit until it was felt that saturation had been reached.
Interviews lasted approximately 1 hr, and were neuroendocrine cancer research and transcribed verbatim. A topic guide Figure neuroendocrine cancer research was developed by Neuroendocrine cancer research, KW and RB to guide the interviews and consisted of a series of open questions covering beliefs about the relationship between diet and cancer, sources of information and changes to diet following cancer diagnosis.
This was part of a broader interview that also covered participants' views about other lifestyle factors and cancer. Interviewers were trained to have minimal verbal input and prompt only when appropriate Oppenheim, The topic guide was piloted with two participants whose data were included because no substantial changes neuroendocrine cancer research required.