The Greek world propolis means also to glue and describes also the role of propolis to cement openings of the bee hive.
Another name of propolis is bee glue. Propolis was already known in ancient Egypt, where it was probably used as an adhesive.
Propolis was mentioned by the Greek philosopher Aristoteles. In his Historia animalium it was reffered to a substance which the bees smeared at the hive entrance and used as cure for bruises and sores, Crane, p.
The Roman scholar Plinius A. D wart treatment dublin, that it originates in the buds of different trees like willow, poplar, elm, reed and other plants.
He knew of the use of propolis as a glue in the hive and about its medicinal properties and described them in his 35 volumes Natural History. The Greek doctor Discorides, 1st century AD, wart treatment dublin that it came from Styrax: the yellow bee glue that is of a sweet scent and resembling styrax is to be chosen and which is soft and easy to spread after the fashion of mastic.
И ходить в непохожих -- тоже было wart treatment dublin странно и грустно. Когда о нем так говорили -- а он частенько слышал, что о нем говорят именно так, когда полагают, что он не может услышать, -- да в словах этих звучал некий оттенок многозначительности и в нем содержалось нечто большее, нежели просто какая-то возможная угроза его личному счастью.
It is extremely warm and attractive and is good for the drawing out of thorns and splinters. The Arabs knew probably also about propolis. Doctor Avicenna speaks of two different kinds of wax: clean wax and black wax, the latter being probably propolis.
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It also rarefies cleans and soaks. In Europe it is mentioned in the herbal literatures.
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Other healers in the many centuries that followed also praised the use of bee products for healing. Wart treatment dublin John Gerard's famous herbal book, The History of Plantswart treatment dublin is also made to the wart treatment dublin of "the resin or clammy substance of the black poplar tree buds" for healing ointments Nicholas Culpepper's famous Complete Herbalunder the heading of "The Poplar Tree" states that "the ointment called propolis wart treatment dublin singularly good for all heat and inflammations in many parts of the body and cools the heat of the wounds" In Green's Universal Herbalunder Populus nigra Black Poplar Treeit is said that "the wart treatment dublin leaves are an excellent ingredient for poultices for hard and painful swellings.
The buds of both this and the white poplar smell very pleasantly in the spring.
Being pressed between the fingers, yield a balsamic resinous substance propoliswhich smells like storax. A drachma of this tincture in broth is administered in internal ulcers and excoriations and is said to have removed obstinate or abnormal discharges from the intestines" Bee Product Science, www.
Violin builders like Stradivari, Amati and others used propolis as a constituent of their violin varnish p. At the beginning of the 20 th century a hypothesis was prevailing, that propolis is a digestion wart treatment dublin of bee pollen In the German scientist Rösch, on the ground of meticolous observations, confirmed the hypothesis of Plinius that propolis originates from the buds of plants The Russian researcher Popravko proved this theory by comparing the composition of buds resin and the propolis Now it is known that bees gather wart treatment dublin from different plants, in the temperate climate zone mainly from poplar.
In Brazil, a major propolis producer, the main propolis type is the green propolis from Baccharis. You can find more on the collection of different types of propolis, its use, quality, trade and application forms with many practical recipes in the illustrated Wart treatment dublin Books online at www.