Având în vedere rata crescută a morbidităţii şi mortalităţii traheotomiei la copil, se consideră o intervenţie chirurgicală dificilă. În lucrare se prezintă managementul şi dificultăţile tehnice ale traheotomiei pediatrice. Material şi metodă. În Clinica ORL Timişoara, în perioadaau fost efectuate 18 traheotomii la copii cu vârsta cuprinsă între 1 și 15 ani. Indicaţiile traheotomiilor au laryngeal papillomatosis baby pentru obstrucţie de căi aeriene superioare, ventilaţie asistată sau toaletă pulmonară.
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Au fost utilizate diferite tipuri de canule traheale. Alegerea canulelor trebuie să ţină cont de indicaţia traheotomiei. Canula ideală trebuie să fie din silicon, uşor de curăţat şi disponibilă în diferite dimensiuni.
Peste 40 de tipuri sunt transmise prin contact sexual și infectează anusul și organele genitale. Laryngeal papillomatosis baby de risc pentru infecțiile cu HPV persistente includ vârsta fragedă a primului contact sexual, laryngeal papillomatosis baby multipli, fumatul și o funcție imună deficitară. HPV este de obicei răspândit prin contactul susținut direct piele-piele cu sexul vaginal și anal fiind cele mai frecvente metode. Ocazional, se poate răspândi de la o mamă la copilul ei în timpul sarcinii. Nu se răspândește prin articole comune, cum ar fi scaunele de toaletă.
Toate traheotomiile au fost efectuate pe incizie cervicală inferioară orizontală. S-a utilizat anestezia generală cu sondă de intubaţie orotraheală, regiunea cervicală fiind în hiperextensie. Complicaţiile intraoperatorii au fost minime: uşoare hemoragii şi probleme cu canulele traheale. Complicaţiile postoperatorii s-au manifestat ca: decanulare accidentală, emfizem subcutanat, dificultăţi de alimentaţie, infecţie.
Traheotomia este considerată o intervenţie cu risc vital, neavând contraindicaţii absolute. Este o intervenţie dificilă din cauza particularităţilor anatomice la aceste vârste. Traheotomia ar trebui efectuată în situaţii controlate cu intubaţie orotraheală pe sondă sau bronhoscop. Cuvinte-cheie: traheotomie, copil, canulă, complicaţii Eustachian tube causes Adriana Neagoş MD, PhD, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Târgu-Mureş, Otorhinolringology Department, Târgu-Mureş, Romania Eustachian tube is an important source of laryngeal papillomatosis baby ear pathogenesis and has been linked to causing middle ear and mastoid laryngeal papillomatosis baby pathology.
It can appear alone or in association with other factors as sinusitis and epipharingeal tumours. Otitis media with effusion is the most frequent pathology that appears after Eustachian tube disfunction. The tympanic membrane retraction is one of objective symptomathology. Many causes of Eustachian tube function and dysfunction are described in the literature including cleft palate, surfactants, tympanic membrane athelectasis, and long term middle ear ventilation.
The epidemiological studies illustrated that poor Eustachian tube function plays a major role in the pathogenesis of otits media, so it is very important to have a good function of the tube before and after a surgical procedures.
Evaluation of hearing results demonstrates that preoperative and postoperative tubal function is important for a good surgical outcome in case of chronic otitis media and cholesteatoma. In children the Eustachian tube dysfunction laryngeal papillomatosis baby by impedance audiometer is important to document neutralization of positive and negative middle ear pressures. This can be the explanation that Eustachian tube is an essential part of the pressure regulating system of the middle ear.
The physiologic function of the tube is to equalize the pressure from the middle ear with the atmosphere. The Eustachian tube closing failure and the induction of negative middle ear pressure are important factors in the development of chronic ear disease. Pediatric Resident doctor First described indeafness caused by congenital cytomegalovirus infection - a major problem of public health - is today the most frequent cause of sensorineural deafness in children.
The prevalence of congenital cytomegalovirus infection is between 0. Diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus laryngeal papillomatosis baby is possible if the virus is isolated during the first 3 weeks of life or if the serum IgM antibodies are found at birth or shortly after birth.
Deafness caused by cytomegalovirus infection can be progressive or with late onset at preschoolers or in the laryngeal papillomatosis baby years of schoolrequiring more laryngeal papillomatosis baby papillomatosis baby audiology monitoring at birth, at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months papilloma conjunctiva pathology annually until school age in order to detect and to treat deafness.
Pathophysiology of deafness caused by cytomegalovirus infection is not completely understood impaired endolymphatic structures, cytopathic effect of the virus, host immune response to the inner ear structures.
Hearing loss can be unilateral frequency of kHz or bilateral, and varies from medium to severe. Hearing impairment has an impact on social and cognitive development of the child and his family, acquisition of speech being often delayed.
The risk of permanent sequelae in case of symptomatic infection is higher in children from mothers suffering of primary infection, but disabilities were observed also in children from mothers with non-primary infections. In children with asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection, increased virulence in the first month of life is associated with sensorineural deafness.
Balance problems involving acoustic nerve should be taken in consideration in children with sensorineural deafness. The relation between high viral charge in infants and deafness probability laryngeal papillomatosis baby the role of antiviral therapy in decreasing the incidence and the severity of deafness caused by cytomegalovirus.
Oral Valganciclovir represents today an alternative to Ganciclovir, priory used intravenous. Valganciclovir has adverse effects neutropeniathus the decision to initiate the antiviral therapy is difficult to make. Cochlear implant is efficient in case of severe deafness in children with congenital cytomegalovirus infection, but the evolution depends on associated psycho-neurological manifestations. Keywords: infection, cytomegalovirus, deafness, child Difficulties in the diagnosis of hearing loss in children Laryngeal papillomatosis baby Enache ENT Sarafoleanu Medical Clinic, Bucharest, Laryngeal papillomatosis baby Hearing represents an important social and cognitive function, the hearing loss being an important health problem worldwide.
Hypoacusis is a common pathology found in both adults and children. Given these implications, the diagnosis of hearing loss in children must be done correctly and rapidly. The assessment of the auditory function is indicated in patients with subjective complaints and in those who belong to groups supposed to be at risk for a hearing loss.
Paediatric population is part plantextrakt detoxifiere piele the second group, children being unable to report deafness occurrence. Keywords: hypoacusis, audiometric evaluation, children Evaluarea beneficiului auditiv la pacienţii cu implant cohlear Mădălina Georgescu1,2, Magda Cernea2,3 1. Surditatea bilaterală instalată în primii doi ani laryngeal papillomatosis baby viață determină instalarea unui al doilea handicap senzorial - mutitatea, asociere care impietează grav asupra dezvoltării ulterioare a copilului pe multiple planuri: educațional, social și economic.
Soluția terapeutică adecvată pentru pacienții surzi este reprezentată de implantul cohlear, dispozitiv laryngeal papillomatosis baby semiimplantabil, care permite stimularea directă a nervului auditiv și, în consecință, audiția.
Evaluarea beneficiului auditiv al implantului cohlear nu trebuie să se limiteze la evaluarea pacienților implantați prin audiogramă tonală, ci, obligatoriu, prin audiogramă vocală, singura în măsură să redea nivelul abilitării auditive în toată complexitatea sa.
Pe măsură ce copilul surd învață să utilizeze informațiile sonore și să dobândească limbajul articulat, evaluarea standardizată audiologică și logopedică a vorbirii trebuie să fie standardul cuantificării beneficiului implantării cohleare. Prezentăm în lucrare rezultatele obținute în I. Sunt prezentate elemente de tehnică laryngeal papillomatosis baby aplicate în cazul diferitelor entități patologice, pornind de la vegetațiile adenoide și ajungând la patologia bazei craniului.
According to some recent studies, the HPV infection may also increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Strains of HPV 16 and 18 are strains with a high cancer risk, known to cause almost all cases of cervical cancer while also increasing the risk to develop oropharyngeal cancer. Structura HPV women. Fig 1. Structure of HPV According to the CDC The Center for Disease Control and Prevention statistics from the United States of America, the genital HPV poate crete riscul de dezvoltare a mai multor laryngeal papillomatosis baby is the most frequent STI sexually tipuri de cancer, precum laryngeal papillomatosis baby colului uterin, transmitted infection ; this is because those over penisului, vaginului, anusului sau orofaringelui 40 types which may infect the genital region partea oral a faringelui .
Se insistă pe prezentarea modalităților de tratament, pregătire preoperatorie și laryngeal papillomatosis baby postoperatorii în cazul patologiei tumorale, cu accent pe prezentarea particularităților fibroamelor nazofaringiene. Several substances also can be analysed in saliva and this technique offers some advantages.
Saliva sampling can be done anytime, anywhere and multiple collection and assessment of samples during the day could offer a better understanding of daily production of the biomarkers of the endocrine and autonomic nervous systems.
Salivary biomarker measures represent a reliable method of investigating hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and autonomic nervous system activities, avoiding the stressful event of venipuncture and offering the possibility of self-collection by subjects. The aim of this presentation is to encourage the use of salivary biomarkers assays in clinical practice and research and also to provide background information on laryngeal papillomatosis baby methodological factors that influence and add variance to biomarker outcome measurements.
In fact, numerous methodological factors could influence human neuro-endocrine measurements and, consequently, can dramatically compromise the accuracy and validity of research. These factors can be categorized into those that are biologic and those that are procedural-analytic in nature. For example, traces of blood might interfere with the results of saliva testing. One major problem, the lack of compliance sometimes seen in outpatient saliva donors, requires strict standardization of both collection and analysis methods to achieve better comparability and assessment of published salivary hormone data.
Such effort includes the development of specific and standardized analytical tools, the establishment of defined reference intervals, and implementation of round-robin trials.
Keywords: salivary biomarkers, hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, autonomic nervous system, saliva testing Sleep pathology in children - practical elements Adriana Neagoş MD, PhD, University of Medicne and Pharmacy Târgu-Mureş, Otorhinolaringology Department, Târgu-Mureş, Romania Sleep is important to children, contributing to their physical and mental growth.
There are many possible causes for the development of obstructive sleep apnea in children.
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome OSAS in children has different effects, including deficits in cognition and neuropsychological functions, learning problems, hyperactivity, and nocturnal enuresis. Obstructive sleep apnea in laryngeal papillomatosis baby characterized by a combination of partial and intermittent obstruction of the upper airway can disturb sleep and normal ventilation. The symptoms are: snoring, difficult breathing during sleep, witness apnea and restlessness.
The diagnosis is based on history, physical examination, ENT examination, laboratory, and polisomnography.
Благодаря какой-то уловке художника только некоторые из этих зеркал отражали мир таким, каким он был на самом деле, и даже они -- Олвин был в этом убежден -- беспрестанно меняли изображение.
Остальные, конечно, тоже отражали н е ч т о, но было как-то жутковато видеть себя расхаживающим среди переменчивой и совершенно нереальной, выдуманной кем-то обстановки. Порой в этом зазеркалье возникали и другие люди, они двигались в разных направлениях, и Олвин несколько раз отметил и толпе знакомые лица. Он отлично отдавал себе отчет в том, что это вовсе не были его друзья по нынешнему существованию.
All clinical and paraclinical investigations must to be correlated, before establishing the diagnosis, and to evaluate the degree of upper airways obstruction. Hypertrophy of the adenoids and tonsils is a laryngeal papillomatosis baby cause laryngeal papillomatosis baby OSAS in children. These include hypertrophy of the tonsils and syndromes such as Down syndrome, Pickwickian syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome or Marfan syndrome. However, OSAS can also be the result of obesity, midfacial dysplasia, retro- or micrognathia, allergic rhinitis laryngeal papillomatosis baby muscular dystrophy.
Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea are frequent problems not only in adults, but also in children and adolescents, as can be seen from current epidemiological data. Corrective surgery is possible for rare malformation syndromes.
Nocturnal masks for continuous positive airway nasal pressure or procedures for mask respiration are effective in children, but are only used in exceptional cases. Dysregulations of the physiological laryngeal papillomatosis baby are laryngeal papillomatosis baby to play a role in the initiation or progression of some diseases, therefore, we wished to explore HPA axis function in children with obstructive sleep apnea OSA.
The results showed that the salivary cortisol concentration measured in the control group reflected a typical course of the salivary cortisol diurnal trajectory, with the evening value being significantly lower than the value in the morning. The mild and laryngeal papillomatosis baby OSA groups showed a comparable trend with a significant diurnal decrease in salivary cortisol concentration during the day.
Moreover, we report here that the laryngeal papillomatosis baby cortisol concentration measured in the morning, in both the moderate and mild OSA groups, was significantly higher than that in the control group. In conclusion, we laryngeal papillomatosis baby overall significant and severity-dependent increases in salivary cortisol production.
In addition, the increased activation of the HPA axis was particularly apparent in the morning and evening, at which time OSA children presented higher levels of cortisol than controls. Keywords: hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, salivary cortisol, obstructive sleep apnea, children Preclinical indicators of autonomic nervous system activity in pediatric osa Lucia Corina Dima-Cozma1, Sebastian Cozma2, Cătălina Elena Lupușoru3, Francesca Romana Patacchioli4, Cristina Mihaela Ghiciuc3 1.
The aim of the present study was to explore the interdependencies of the two axes and laryngeal papillomatosis baby reliability of salivary alpha-amylase as a noninvasive marker of autonomic nervous system activation. The results showed a statistically significant difference between the morning and evening salivary alpha-amylase concentrations in all of the groups, with higher concentrations in the evening.
The salivary alpha-amylase concentrations measured at noon in the mild and moderate severe OSA groups were significantly lower than those of the control group. We did not find evidence of autonomic dysregulation concomitant with HPA axis activation. The differences with other studies from literature could be discussing taking in account that our cohort did not include obese children and the duration of the disease wart treatment on finger not long enough.
From a general methodological viewpoint, the salivary biomarker measurements performed in this study represent a reliable and non-invasive source for monitoring changes in the HPA axis and ANS activities in pediatric subjects. The paper aims to study the factors influencing diagnostic decision-making in tracheobronchial foreign body laryngeal papillomatosis baby in children, all in order to establish an accurate indication for tracheobronchial exploration. Material and method.
The retrospective study was performed on cases with suspected tracheobronchial foreign body TFB in children, hospitalized and treated in the ENT department of the County Clinical Emergency Hospital of Craiova within 5 years.
Following history, clinical examination, laboratory findings and traheobronhoscopy the diagnosis was confirmed in The high percentage of denied cases is due, on one hand, to exploring those cases where history is suggestive for the diagnosis the presence of the aspiration episodein which laryngeal papillomatosis baby the tracheobronchial exploration is mandatory, and on the other hand, to those cases of pneumonia and bronchopneumonia with prolonged evolution and without positive answer to treatment.
Analyzing the age group affected laryngeal papillomatosis baby confirmation of diagnosis for the age group years, there were no errors in diagnosis. Emphysema was the frequent radiological feature found in children. The percentage of atelectasis increases with the delay of diagnosis, allowing complete blockage of the airways.