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Approximately 50 percent of the patients diagnosed with oral cancer will die within 5 years, causing more than 8, deaths annually, as compared to melanoma, which accounts for more than 7, deaths per year. The mortality rate associated with oral cancer has not improved in decades. Males are more likely to get oral cancer than females, but one third of oral cancer patients are women, up from 15 percent 30 years ago. The main causes of oral cancer are:tobacco use 90 percent of people with oral cancers use tobacco by smoking cigarettes, cigars, hpv causes head and neck cancers, chewing tobacco, and dipping snuff alcohol useOther causes of oral cancer may include the following:leukoplakia - a condition characterized by a whitish patch that develops inside the mouth or throat.
The following are the most common symptoms for oral cancer. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:a lip or mouth sore that does not heala white or red patch on the gums, tongue, or lining of moutha lump on the lip or in the mouth or throatunusual bleeding, pain, or numbness in the mouth areaswelling of the jawpain in the earchange in voicea chronic sore throatfeeling as if something is caught in the throatpain or difficulty in swallowing or chewingThe symptoms of oral cancer may resemble other disorders or medical problems.
Always consult your physician for a diagnosis. What are the symptoms of oral cancer?
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Suspicious Symptoms:Dysphagia. Odynophagia and referred pain to ear. Prosthetic fit change. Heamoptysis, nasal stuffiness, malar swelling, diplopia.
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Hot potato voice. Low grade fever. Using both tobacco and alcohol poses a much greater risk than using either substance alone. SunlightExposure to sunlight is a risk factor for lip cancerAgeOral cancer is typically a disease of older people usually because of their longer exposure to risk factors.
Incidence of oral cancer rises steadily with age, reaching a peak in persons age For African Americans, incidence peaks about 10 years earlier. GenderOral cancer strikes men twice as often as it does women.
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RaceOral cancer occurs more frequently in African Americans than in whites. The majority of patients with oral cancer 90 percent use tobacco in one form or another.
Tobacco can damage hpv oropharyngeal cancer most common in the lining of the oral cavity and oropharynx, causing abnormal cells to grow more rapidly to repair the damage.
Researchers believe that the DNA-damaging chemicals in tobacco are linked to the increased risk of oral cancer, according to the American Cancer Society.
An Interprofessional Approach to HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer Prevention Education
Other problems associated with chewing tobacco and snuff include periodontal disease, tooth discoloration, and bad breath, among others. The majority of patients hpv oropharyngeal cancer most common oral cancer 75 to 80 percent use alcohol frequently.
Paired with tobacco use, patients who drink and smoke increase their risk of developing oral cancer even more. Researchers have found that alcohol increases the penetration of DNA-damaging chemicals in the lining of the oral cavity and oropharynx, according to the American Cancer Society.
Profilaxia Cancerului Oral
Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun can cause skin cancer. People who are outdoors for an extended period of time increase their risk of lip cancer, as well.
More than 30 percent of lip cancer diagnoses are in persons with outdoor occupations. Tobacco including smokeless tobacco.
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Alcohol use. Infection with HPV virus has been associated with an excess risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx. Occupational factorsE. Nutrition: Deficiency of vit.
A, C, Iron increase the risk. Research has suggested that fruits and vegetables, which contain antioxidants that can "trap" harmful molecules, can decrease the risk for oral cancer and other cancers. Thus, it is speculated that persons with a low intake of these types of foods are at an increased risk for oral cancer. In addition, other studies have shown that smokers hpv oropharyngeal cancer most common people who drink alcohol tend to use mouthwash more often, linking all three factors together.
The oral cavity includes:the lips, teeth, and gumsthe lining hpv oropharyngeal cancer most common the lips and cheeks buccal mucosa the floor of the mouth under the tongue the top of the mouth hard palate the small area behind the wisdom teethThe oropharynx includes